Rainforest Cattle Ranchers

Cattle Ranchers News Report89



Top Five

  1. Most of America's meat comes from the Amazon
  2. Most ranching families do not have a choice but to ranch
  3. Catlle ranchers do most of the damage to the rain forest because their cattle need a lot of space to roam
  4. Cattle industry is growing due to the demand for beef.
  5. More and more land is being cleared because of the growing amount of cattle.

Kenji- interviewee
Alex -interviewee
Aanarhia -reporter
Kevin- ancher man



Script


Kevin: Hello, my name is Kevin Urlaub and this is BCS news! Today we look at the cattle industry in the Amazon rainforest, which is becoming one of the most popular industries in the region. Today we have our reporter Aanarhia and two cattle ranchers who have agreed to tell us about cattle ranching life in the Amazon Rain forest.

Aanarhia:
Hi, I’m Aanarhia White and I will be asking our two interviewees a couple of questions today. Starting with our first interviewee, a cattle rancher who lives in Brazil. What do cattle ranchers want to do with the resources in the Amazon?


Kenji: Well, after loggers clear an open space, we allow our cattle to graze the land and eat its grass. This is because we want to use this land to its full potential using all of its avalable resources. We also want to take advantage of the fact that the land is not very populated with people.


Aanarhia:
I see. Now Alex, Do you think this is a good way to use these resources?

Alex:
Yes, because it is a way to bring income to families and it is a way for the loggers and ranchers to work together and strengthen Brazil’s economy by using their natural resources.


Aanarhia:
Well, I have one more question, so Kenji, what is your day to day life like?

Kenji: Well, as a rancher I basically spend my day controlling my herd by keeping track of all the cattle, making sure they are well fed, and making sure we are meeting the demand for beef.



Aanarhia:
Okay, well, thank you for being here today. There you have it, that is what life is like for the ranchers in the Amazon. Back to you Kevin

Kevin:
Thank you, that’s our story on the beef industry in the Amazon rain forest, thanks for listening. And until next time, this is BCS news.






General Notes- From Video


  • contains 1/2 the worlds species
  • occupies 2% of the world's surface
  • always found on the equator
  • half the Earth's rainfall
  • average tempeture 80 degrees fareinheight
  • resources used for medices
  • tribes being displaced
  • erosion becoming big problem
  • many American products come from rainforest
  • losing about 1 acre a second

  • Catlle ranchers do most damage
  • most families don't have a choice besides ranching
  • catlle need large areas of land
  • There is a large demand for meat.
  • Cleared land effects ecosystem

Who-


Who should have the most rights?

What-

What can we do to make it so that all groups are happy and that the rainforest will be sustained?

When -

When will this solution be reatched?

Where -

Where is the problem?

Why -

Why is this a problem?

Summary of Textbook

  • Cattle graze on grass
  • Beef is imported from Brazil for many countries
  • They need alot of land for cattle Ranching

Other Resources



Notes from Resources


Kevin- http://news.amazon-rainforest.org/

  • Brazil is the world’s largest exporter of beef
  • Cattle need open grassland to graze
  • Loggers cut all of the valuable trees and burn the rest
  • Loggers call this “opening up” the forest, the cattle ranchers use this cleared land for grazing
  • Cattle industry is growing, more land is being cleared
  • Since cattle bring in a huge profit to Brazil, this process shows no signs of slowing down or changing.
  • Envirmentalist are trying to fin a new proccess for loggers and ranchers that will be more eco friendly.

Aanarhia- http://rainforests.mongabay.com/0812.htm

  • Cattle ranchers and land speculators burn huge tracts of rain forest before planting areas with African grasses for pasture
  • The majority of commercial destruction in Amazon Basin (from1960s-1990s) was due to cattle ranchers
  • Cattle grazing in tropics is relatively inefficient
  • After 6-8 years each animal may require five hectares
  • Cattle attractive option in Latin American rain forests
  • Cattle have low maintenance costs & are highly liquid assets easily brought to market
  • When real pasture land prices exceed real forest land prices land clearing is a good hedge against inflation

Alex-

  • Cattle Ranchers are cutting into Brazil because of the high demand
  • Rain forests are being destroyed at a very fast rate.
  • 75% of green house gasses are from deforestation
  • Cattle ranching cover about 80% of the Amazon Basin.
  • Over about ten years a huge chunk of the Amazon Basin has been used for cattle ranching.
  • They are going to double the beef supply.

Kenji-


  • The majority of the commercial destruction in the Amazon Basin from the 1960s to early 1990s was cattle ranchers
  • In Brazil, government figures attributed 38 percent of deforestation from 1966-1975 to large-scale cattle ranching.
  • Cattle ranching has been even more widespread in parts of Central America, led by Costa Rica, which has one of the worst deforestation rates in Latin America.
  • During the 1970s and early 1980s, stretches of rainforest were burned and converted into cattle pasture lands to meet American demand for beef.
  • Pictures links-


Aanarhia- http://www.sarpysam.net/gallery/Cow-Pixs/calves02202009?full=1
Kevin- http://www.transitionsabroad.com/listings/travel/articles/images/down_the_amazon_files/cattle-along-amazon.jpg
Alex- http://replantingtherainforests.org/site/images/stories/Belize/beforerainforestbalize.jpg
Kenji - http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/staticfiles/NGS/Shared/StaticFiles/Environment/Images/Global_Warming/amazoncattlepasture-644883-sw.jpg

Aanarhia: http://www.greenpeace.org/international/news/cattle-mapping
In the article, it gives details on how cattle raching is the biggest drive of the Amazon. It also talks about what can be done to help.

Kevin : http://news.mongabay.com/2009/0129-brazil.html
This story explains that over the last decade over 10 million hectacres have been cleared for cattle ranching. Reports show that most of this rapid expansion has been illegal.

Alex-http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1027685
Costa rica is losing there reputation of preserving species, because of the cattle ranchers.
The looggers and cattle ranchers are burning down a lot of rain forest which is also a lot of habitats for animals.

Kenji- http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=16227365
Global trade practices are increasing the pressure on tropical forests, a major storehouse of the carbon that contributes to global warming.