Amazon Rainforest- Settlers

News Report



Top 5

  • Settlers are moving to rainforest to find farmland to harvest crops and sell to lift themselves out of poverty
  • Settlers' tree farms grow trees that are later cut down for lumber, then rainforest trees from above drop seeds to regrow plants that have been cut down.
  • Settlers clear land to make room for new farms.
  • Some settlers chop down trees to use the wood but most of the wood is never used.
  • Some people chop trees to sell in the 'black market' because this is illegal in many countries. (In Rainforest's)

Solutions Settlers support

  • Create tree farms
  • Make more national parks
  • More cow farms to raise cattle

Scratch Pad


Settler Pictures


Who-


  • The Settlers who moved into the rainforest for farming and more space.
  • Rubber Tappers who use the rubber trees who collect sap to make rubber.
  • Native Amazonians who have always lived in the rainforest live off the forest to survive.
  • Cattle Ranchers who move to the forest to clear fields to raise cattle.
  • Loggers who go to the forest to chop down trees to sell.
  • Enviromentalistswho fight for the rights of the forest to protect it.

What-

  • Settlers are moving to rainforest to find farmland to harvest crops and sell to lift themselves out of poverty.
  • Some people chop trees to sell in the 'black market' because this is illegal in many countries. (In Rainforest's)
  • Fires and wood cutting tools are used to bring down trees.
  • Settlers clear land to make room for new farms.
  • Some settlers chop down trees to use the wood but most of the wood is never used.

Where-

  • Amazon Rainforest (Brazil, Venezuela, Argentina, Suriname, Guiana, French Guiana, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Paraguay)

  • Congo Basin (South Africa, Congo, Nigeria, Angola, Zaire, Namibia, Zambia, Cameroon, Gabon, Central African Republic, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Mozambique)

  • Australiasian Rainforest (Australia, Guinea, Fiji, Somoas, Indonesia)

  • Forests of Madagascar (Madagascar, and South Eastern Coast of Africa, Parts of South Africa)

  • Southeast Asian Rainforest (Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka, Burma, Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Brunei, Cambodia, Bangladesh)

  • Central American Rainforest (Costa Rica, Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama)


General Rainforest Notes-

  • There are over 500 species of animals in the rainforest, many animals stilll have not been identified.
  • Rainforests take up about 2% of the Earth's surface.
  • Rainforest has 4 layers which are the Forest Floor, Under Story, Canopy, and the Emergent Layer.
  • The Canopy blocks light from reaching the forest floor.
  • There are hundreds of species of trees.
  • One acre of rainforest cut down on average per minute.
  • In 20 years there entire rainforest will be cut down if one acre of forest is cut down per minute.
  • Trees protect soil from torrential rain.
  • Plants that don’t require sun grow on the forest floor.
  • Epiphytes attach to trees not requiring roots to attach to the ground.
  • People associated with the medical industry have made over 100 different medicines and cures from plants from the rainforest
  • Settlers have cut trees to build farms to make money.
  • Settlers in Costa Rica have been encouraged to make tree farms to slow the rate of deforestation.
  • Settlers' tree farms grow trees that are later cut down for lumber, then rainforest trees from above drop seeds to regrow plants that have been cut down.
  • The Brazilian Government has paved a highway through the rainforest for settlers to access the rainforest for farming

Summary of Text Book

  • Poor Brazilians moved as settlers to the Amazon Rainforest to farm for money.
  • The 'Settlers' found out that the land didn't have a lot of nutrients because the rain kept washing it away.
  • The settlers came in large numbers looking for land to farm on.
  • Unfortunately the land was not fertile because the rain kept washing all the nutrients away.
  • Native Amazonians, Rubber Tappers, and Ranchers all want to settlers to leave the rainforest.

Other Resources


Notes from Other Resources

  • http://www.nytimes.com/1988/10/11/world/amazon-settlers-turn-forests-to-ash-in-name-of-progress.html?pagewanted=2 (tony)

      • Settler's first came to the rainforest 100 years ago from Portugal.
      • They burn the tress down, and whatever is left is used as wood.
      • Also Settlers chop down nut trees which is illegal in Brazil.
      • Nut trees enter the market under a different name.
      • Only 5% of tress chopped down is actually sold or used.
      • 95% of the wood/ trees that are chopped by settlers is left to rot or is burned.
  • http://news.mongabay.com/2005/1205-amazon.html (Jithmi)

      • The growth of agriculture in the Amazon has made it necessary to improve roads, and highways.
      • When settlers moved into the Amazon, it produced many violent conflicts over land rights with their existing owners.
      • A nun was once murdered by a gunman associated with the plantation owners.
      • The murder of the nun made the government send an army who promised to try and stop the violence and step up environmental monitoring efforts in the region.
      • Many people still thought that the presence of these government men was a sign of more to come.
      • Many settlers who seek land for subsistence agriculture has already spurred deforestation to the tropical rain forest of the Amazon.
  • http://www.shinai.org.pe/en/50key_issues/amazoniansettlers.htm?PHPSESSID=7e0f06396d1c975cbea8973100b6c6ce (Paul)

      • Most people that settle in the Amazon are originally from the Andes Mountains
      • They are normally farmers, with some coming to get more land.
      • The Andes used to have smaller communities, but health care improved, causing many people to come in. Many farmers move to the Amazon Rain forest because of it.
      • The government promotes settlement in the Rain forest.
      • There are now organizations specifically made to help Andeans find land in the Rainforest.
      • Much of the rainforest is getting cleared, normally for construction, agriculture, or cattle herding.



Npr/Pbs Sites:
(Jithmi) - http://www.npr.org/templates/player/mediaPlayer.html?action=1&t=1&islist=false&id=101422948&m=101501137
  • The Amazan may be expierenceing some fundamental chages in its weather after studying what is happeneing to the amazonian trees in the last 30 years
  • It is home to more different kinds of animals and plants than any other place on earth.
  • Been a "Carbon Sink" untill 2005, when a major drought hit a part of the amazon
  • The trees have been dieing since the weather was so dry and when the trees died, they emitted more co2 into the air
  • The trees us the Amazon helps reduce co2 emissions and it takes up more than it emitts
  • Trees grew more slowly from lack of water and they also took in less carbon becase they were dieing a faster than the normal rate.
  • Drouts are not very common in the Amazon Rainforest
  • Global warming is already having a toll on the amazon
  • Some scientists say the amazon rainforest could become a savanna by the end of the century
  • A drier climate can make the rainforest emitt out even more Co2
(Sarah) - http://www.npr.org/templates/player/mediaPlayer.html?action=1&t=1&islist=false&id=96574076&m=96574057


  • Since 1970, nearly 1/5 of the Amazon Rainforest has dissappeared.
  • Loss of trees has made the carbon balance change a lot.
  • A highway will be made right through the jungle to a town called Iquitos
  • Researchers say that new roads going through the Amazon premote deforestation.
  • 75% of forest disruption has occured within 12 miles of roads in the Amazon.
  • More and more roads are being built in the Amazon over time.
  • Researchers think that creating these roads will bring diseases.
  • Researchers also say that deforestation promotes Malaria.
  • Data shows that areas that suffered more deforestation also suffered more Malaria.
  • Researchers are taking a walk to the town the highway will end in, checking various mosquitos for Malaria.

(Tony) - Gorilla Video
  • Scientists have discovered an area with 125,000+ endangered gorillas.
  • These gorillas are threatened by poaching, disease, and other things.
  • The forest that these gorillas reside in, (Congo Basin) is almost completely inaccessible by human kind.
  • The rainforest has swamps, lakes, and lots of dangerous barricades not allowing people into it.
  • These species of gorillas get most of the same diseases as humans.
  • The part of the rainforest where these gorillas live is protested by the Congo Government.
  • These gorillas reproduce very slowly; about a baby every 5 years for a female that is actively reproductive.
  • These gorillas also live very long.
Script:


Amazon Rainforest News Report Antonio(Tony): Today on the Brazilian report, we will see how The Settlers use the Amazon Rainforest for their needs. Now over to Benita who is interviewing two Amazon settlers in the Rainforest.
Benita (Jithmi) : Thank you Antonio. Today I am here with Rufino who has recently moved here with his family. Hello Rufino, why did you decide to move into the Amazon Rainforest? Rufino(Paul) : I decided to move here because of the vast amounts of land that is here. It is very inexpensive. But the soil is very bad because the rain keeps washing away all of the nutrients.
Benita(Jithmi): Oh wow it must be very hard,
Rufino(Paul): Yes that is true, but we do not make enough money to move back to the city.
Benita(Jithmi): Oh I see. Now to Alicia. Why did you decide to move to the Amazon Rainforest? And do you know why some people want settlers like you out of the rainforest?
Alicia(Sara): I moved to the rainforest for different reasons as Rufino. My methods are less harmful to the rainforest. I cut down trees on a small strip of land with existing rainforest around. Then the surrounding trees drop seeds so I can re-grow trees on the farm. I also harvest crops then sell them. My job is called a Tree Farmer.
Benita(Jithmi): How do you have time and space to plant trees while your growing crops?
Alicia(Sara): I have many spaces for trees on my plot of land. Yes... it does take a lot of time, but it pays off, for me and the rainforest.
(Jithmi): What do you mean?
Alicia(Sara): I am planting more trees, which means that I don't have to cut down more trees for myself. Also, it is better for me because I get to know the exact time to cut down the tree, and know how long it will take to grow. Many other Amazonians are starting to do the same thing, knowing how it will help themselves and there envirornment.
Benita(Jithmi): That's great to hear Alicia! Back to you Antonio.
Antonio(Tony): well, It seems like you guys have a very busy and hard life But thats it for today, Stay tuned for tomorrows Brazilian Report