Fourteenth Amendment

By: Arden, Nate, and Sara

The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution was ratified on July 9, 1868 and granted citizenship to everyone. In this Amendment, there are five sections.

The shortened sections are:
1. Section one says that everyone has equal protection from the laws.
2. Section two, unfortunatly, did not protect Native Americans.
3. Section three says, "No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof."
4. Section four is a bit different. Section four says, "The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned."
5. And last but not least, section five says that the Congress shall have power to enforce, by approiate legislation, the provisions of this article. In addition,
The Fourteenth Amendment forbids states from denying any person "life, liberty or property, without due process of law" or to "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” It is known as one of the Reconstruction Amendments.

The expected changes for former slaves were big because they now had rights. Former slaves would recieve rights, a few acres, and a mule, and this was realistic because they were needed very much. They were still not allowed to vote very much and run for office, but they recieved citizenship and the ability to vote and own a buisness. The reactions of Democrats, Republicans, former slaves, and land owners was that they were surprised that the black people had finally had thier wishes come true and were now citizens of America. The long term consequences of the policy was that there are still racist people out there, and after the amendment, they were still segregated from whites for a few years.

Our policy was very successful in helping former slaves becoming politically, socially, and economically part of a free society because now everyone is equal thanks to this.

Related Topics

13th Amendment
14th Amendment
15th Amendment
Black Codes
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Civil Rights Act of 1875
Freedmens Bureau
Reconstruction Acts of 1867

W.E.B. DuBois / Mary White Ovington by dbking.
W.E.B. DuBois / Mary White Ovington by dbking.
the confederate states of america
the confederate states of america


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All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.
Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State

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